january 2021

SS168TL

 

 

January 1st – when new year’s resolutions and solutions are supposedly solved  and re-solved with a heavy hangover”

– N. Ventid

“January looks forward to the new year and back to the old year. He sees past and future”

 – M.L. Stedman

 

2020  2019  2018   2017  2016   2015  2014  2013

December 2020 here

 

23/1/21:

Russia: large protests in 122 cities against Putin, largely in support of alternative imprisoned politician (more here)

“Clashes broke out as police wielding truncheons ran protesters off main squares in Moscow and several other cities, and columns of demonstrators broke through police lines in both Moscow and St Petersburg, leading to pitched battles in the streets. The police at times appeared to be losing control. In Moscow, video showed protesters trading blows with riot officers near the main site of the protest, as young demonstrators nearby kicked around a police riot helmet like a football. In St Petersburg, protesters shut down the city’s main street, Nevsky Prospekt, and Navalny’s team eventually had to issue a call for them to go home.”

Obviously support for yet another potential future conman is not indicative of autonomous opposition, and the fact that the call by Navalny’s team to go home seems to have been followed is also indicative of this absent independence, but maybe for some, this is  a pretext for trying to oppose misery more generally and could maybe lead to something better. Navalny is a nationalist through and through – in 2008 he joined forces with the  Movement Against Illegal Immigration to form a new coalition, so it’s possible that the aforementioned optimism is unfounded. However, we live in an epoch where ideology permeates social movements like never before, and somehow those who strive to be anti-ideological internationalists are going to have to try to influence events rather than just complain that things ain’t what they used to be.[written January 24th]

The link to the Crimethinc report (seen only on January 25th) below confirms much of what I’ve said here:

Interesting  report from Russian anarchists.

“Today, January 23, a spark has been lit in the Russian Federation. From Moscow to Ulan-Ude, tens of thousands have poured into the streets for protests against Putin, corruption, and repression. At first glance, these demonstrations may seem like the same opposition protests that kick off every time a prominent opposition candidate is acutely repressed. But to us on the ground, we feel that something has shifted. The usual passive attitude that is typical for these kinds of protests has been abandoned. People are fighting back against the police. Likewise, these rallies aren’t just in the typical places, nor are they comprised of just the same politically active upper-class people. From the city of Chita, we hear stories that the cops have been routed. In Perm, a crowd applauds after anarchists speak about rebellion, self-organized activity, and solidarity against repression. In Irkutsk, people are receiving anarchists and their words warmly as well. In one place, people block police cars, while in another, they de-arrest a protester. On one street, a man knocks out a cop, while on another, people chant “Freedom! Freedom!” as a woman wrestles a baton from a cop’s hand…Many people here seem to have seen Belarus as an example where repression and police violence didn’t force the rebels to back down. Chants and messages of solidarity with the struggle there can be found in many of the gatherings today. This fills us with hope—not in the sense that two nationalisms are greeting each other, but because these struggles are breaching their national borders.”

Balls to the cops

If I can’t dance I don’t want to be in your revolution

Tunisia: protests continue

22/1/21:

Colombia, Sucre: motorbike taxi drivers stone town hall in protest against massively worsening conditions  following Covid

The protest involved 100s of drivers and they’d insisted on the mayor discussing things outside  with everybody but when the mayor said he’d only have a meeting inside and only 10 could enter, the protest ascended into rioting.  Significant because it seems they didn’t want any representation – he had to speak to everybody and publicly.

20/1/21:

Tunisia: 5th night of riotsSee also this (which is more up-to-date)

“The whole system must go … We will return to the streets and we will regain our rights and our dignity that a corrupt elite seized after the revolution,” said Maher Abid, an unemployed protester. Shortly before last week’s 10th anniversary of the revolution, Prime Minister Hichem Mechichi’s government ordered a four-day lockdown and a tighter night-time curfew against the coronavirus pandemic, as well as a ban on protests. However, in cities across the North African country youths have thrown stones and petrol bombs, burnt tyres and looted shops while police have deployed tear gas and batons, arresting hundreds. In a televised speech on Tuesday, Mechichi said he understood popular anger over the economic situation and the frustration of young people, but that violence was not acceptable. “Your voice is heard and your anger is legitimate… Do not allow saboteurs among you,” he said, addressing protesters…Protesters … chanted “the people want the fall of the regime”, as well as demands for jobs. Tunisia was suffering economically even before the COVID-19 crisis, with high unemployment and declining state services. Earlier, the powerful labour union and other rights groups voiced support for peaceful protests against “policies of marginalisation, impoverishment and starvation”, accusing the state of squandering the revolution’s hopes.”

More here. “In 2020 alone, the Tunisian Forum for Economic and Social Rights (FTDES) recorded 6,500 protests, all of which were motivated by economic, social and environmental demands.”

Bosnia-Herzogovina: cop cars overturned as migrants battle filth

The world turned right side up

USA: anti-state protesters damage Democrat Party HQ and other buildings in Portland and Seattle

19/1/21:

Tunisia: 4th night of riots

“Street clashes between riot police and youths rocked Tunisia for the fourth night in mostly working class neighbourhoods, with calls on social media for more rallies on Tuesday. More than 600 people had been arrested by Monday over the disturbances in which teenagers and adolescents have hurled rocks and Molotov cocktails at police who have fired volleys of tear gas at them. The social unrest comes at a time of economic crisis, worsened by the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the tourism-reliant North African country, which has deepened poverty and driven up inflation and unemployment. In the latest unrest until the early hours of Tuesday, hundreds of youths in the capital battled police in several districts including the vast Ettadhamen city on the outskirts of Tunis. In Sfax, the second largest city, protesters blockaded roads with burning tyres, an AFP correspondent reported. “

18/1/21:

France, Paris: EDF workers disconnect 1000s of 5G super-surveilling electricity counters and throw them in front of the doors of the governing party’s offices, saying “They  don’t have the right to deprive needy families of energy”

17/1/21:

Tunisia: looting, clashes and riots in 23 towns and cities on 10th anniversary of Ben Ali’s fall

“Arab media broadcast amateur video of crowds of young men setting fires and looting banks and private businesses in a second day of violence in a number of Tunisian cities. “

More here (videos and reports mostly in French)

Sample quotes: Protesters did not formulate clear demands during protests, which authorities described as riots…In the capital Tunis, a dilapidated neighborhood was the scene of clashes between mainly teenage protesters and the police, who used water cannons and tear gas to disperse the crowd after having had stones thrown at them. According to several witnesses, demonstrators looted shops in several cities. “…”the majority of “casseurs” arrested were between 12 and 15-years-old”…”There were reports that a police station in Souk Lahad belonging to the National Guard was set on fire. The information was denied by a security source “…”A decade on from a revolution against poverty, corruption and injustice, Tunisia has progressed towards democracy but its economic problems have worsened, with the country on the verge of bankruptcy and public services in a dire situation. Gross domestic product (GDP) shrank by 9 percent last year, consumer prices have spiralled upwards and one-third of young people are unemployed.”

See also this

16/1/21:

France: small clashes in 4 cities over global security law

Tunisia: riots and clashes in 4 towns and cities

During the clashes, the youths attempted to ransack the Ettadhamen post office, before being dispersed. As for the ATM  at this office, it was destroyed and looted. The security forces, attacked with stones, responded with tear gas

14/1/21:

UK, Cardiff: 3rd day of protests against cop murder of young man

The guy was tazed twice, arrested,  released next morning without charge visibly bloodied and bruised, having been  bitten  and kicked by cops with several bones dislocated and died about 8 hours later. “South Wales Police have said the death of Mr Hassan was “sudden and unexplained”.

Demonstrator holds mirror up to the filth

“Mirror mirror on the wall – who’s the ugliest of them all?”

13/1/21:

Belgium, Brussels: police station torched in response to cop murder of 23-year-old; King’s convoy stoned

More here  in French

The protest got out of hand shortly after 4 p.m. after protesters threw stones at law enforcement. The King’s convoy was also stoned by demonstrators. The Royal Palace confirmed to our colleagues from Het Laatste Nieuws that King Philippe’s convoy “accidentally” ended up in the crowd of demonstrators in Liedts Square. The incident took place around 5:40 p.m. The sovereign was present in the car, said the Palace. He had left the Royal Palace and was returning home to Laeken. The King was not in danger and was not directly attacked. At first glance, the car is little or not damaged.  Numerous street furniture was vandalised and garbage fires were noted after the rally. The start of a fire was brought under control at the police station located on rue Brichaut, where the window and door were damaged. There was also a garbage can fire against the garage door of a police station located on Nicolay Street. A total of six police vehicles were damaged, including two during the demonstration. A tram and bus shelter were also been degraded on Liedts Square. A pharmacy suffered damage on rue Gallait, as were businesses and vehicles parked in rue de Brabant and rue Aerschot. A window and a garbage container were broken at the Sint-Lukaas nursery and primary school on rue Verte. …a container on fire on rue de Brabant …a shop on fire on rue Rogier. Projectile throwing at the police At around 3:45 p.m., a hundred people disassociated themselves from the demonstration and rushed into the tunnel leading to Place du Nord, in front of the station. These demonstrators were repulsed by a police roadblock as they left the tunnel. The group then chanted “Police, Assassins”. Smoke bombs were ignited. Some wanted to advance towards the police, but were contained, in particular by the organizers. The police then advanced through the tunnel to bring the protesters back to the initial rally square. Police forces were present in large numbers. There were projectiles thrown at the police. Police spokeswoman Audrey Dereymaeker also notes that there was damage to street furniture and that two police vehicles were damaged. …At least two police officers were taken to hospital between 6:00 p.m. and 6:30 p.m. Clashes Clashes then occurred at Place Liedts. A protester was taken to hospital. …The Brussels public prosecutor’s office has requested the appointment of an investigating judge for manslaughter in connection with the death of a young man at the hands of the police…“He exercised his right to videotape the police and things went wrong,” Alexis Deswaef, Ibrahima’s family lawyer, said at the start of the rally. “Ibrahima should never have been arrested for filming the police. Then, at the police station, in the search room, he felt bad. He fell from his chair unconscious. For very long minutes, nothing happened. No police officer worried that he was lying unconscious on the ground. They let him die. There is at least a delay, according to our information, of five to seven minutes ”. According to the lawyer, toxicological examinations did not reveal the presence of drugs.”

And also here in French. “The stewards tried to contain the movement, but in vain” . T. writes:

In one video of Wednesday’s events I saw how a couple of people tried to attack an empty police van and  stewards not only trying physically to stop them (maybe “citizen-arrest” them?) but in one image you can see one steward trying to punch a rioter (both of them were black, if that makes any difference…). One comment in response to the above quote was:  “Also, in my opinion, the stewards were a little less awful than the presentation made here. The message was mostly “demo peaceful until 5 p.m., after that you do as you see fit “. Finally, on a less sympathetic note, at least two anarchists got beaten up because they were mistaken for plainclothes cops.

Lots of other videos and reports, mainly in French, here.

11/1/21:

Israel, Ashdod: 100s of orthodox Jewish youths clash with cops over lockdown

10/1/21:

Iraq, Nasiriyah: 1 cop killed in clashes with furious protesters

“…the clashes erupted in Haboubi square in the town of Nasiriyah in violence that began over the arrest of activists in the province. Security forces used tear gas and batons in effort to disperse the protesters who threw stones and rocks at security forces. Occasional gunfire could be heard. It was not immediately clear how the policeman was killed amid conflicting reports. The officials said at least 18 protesters were injured and more than 40 among the security forces. They spoke on condition of anonymity in line with regulations.”

India: farmers clash with cops in Punjab and Haryana on 44th day of protests against deregulation of agricultural sector

See entry for 29/12/20 for some background to all this. Also entry for 3/1/21 below.

Cameroon, Douala: clashes as cops evict thousands near airport, including people who’ve been there for 30 years or more

Argentina, Neuquen: partygoers stone cops after they break up party under pretext of Covid1984

9/1/21:

Australia, Christmas Island: further “disturbances” at refugee detention centre

In a Facebook post late on Saturday evening, one man detained on Christmas Island said the centre was “on fire again because the authorities don’t want to give those who are sick, those who have mental problem, those who have heart failure, their medication for days”. “I can’t breath, the rooftop is burning and the smoke is coming in here,” he said, claiming police had firearms and teargas. “This place is not a good place, we’re traumatised here.” The man said medication had not been provided for “five days”.

Denmark: clashes on anti-Covid-related controls in Copenhagen and Aaalborg

Senegal, Dakar: riots against Covid curfew continue

See entries for 6/1 and 7/1 below.

UK, London: cops crack down on small anti-lockdown protest

8/1/21:

Guinea, Kankan: youths erect roadblocks against 10pm state roadblock that controls movement in and out of large city

Several young people from the Kankan Koura neighborhood took to the streets to protest against the installation of a security roadblock at the entrance to the locality. They accuse the soldiers who are deployed there of engaging in racketeering and demand their departure from the scene… According to the authorities, bandits who steal motorcycles and other goods in Kankan most often use the road to Mandiana to escape the security services. And to deal with this situation, it was decided to install a checkpoint on this road. However, this decision is now arousing great anger in Kankan Koura, a district located outside the town of Kankan, at the entrance of which this roadblock is installed. Anger that several young people went out to express in the street this Friday. At around 9:00 p.m. they erected barricades and burned tires on the road. The demonstrators demand the departure of the soldiers deployed on the scene, who are accused of preventing the inhabitants of this locality from moving normally, but also of engaging in racketeering. “We are demanding the removal of these agents from here, because they are there simply to extort money from us. When they take you, you have to pay 20,000 francs. And if you don’t have any money with you, they’ll hold you back until you call a friend or relative who will come and give it to you to release you. The neighborhood chief and the youth president are informed of the situation, but they have done nothing. This is why we have decided to make our voice heard today because normally these agents are there to secure us and not to intimidate or rip us off, ” said Oumar Sylla, one of the protesters. Very upset, these young people occupied the street, blocking traffic for a long time. But the security forces eventually intervened with tear gas and warning shots to disperse them. … This Saturday morning again, the young people of Kankan Koura erected barricades at the start of the neighborhood to demand the release of their arrested friends. And, they were once again dispersed by law enforcement officers.

7/1/21:

US: relatively intelligent response to the so-called “coup” attempt

“…in the hands of the capitalist state, antifascism can be a powerful rationale for building the repressive apparatus—which ends up getting used mainly against oppressed and exploited groups.”

relative to this shallow Trade Union response at least

The  same mainstream leftism that condemns this “coup” in the name of a defense of bourgeois democracy doesn’t want to realise that there’s nothing at all wrong with storming the seats of power  in principle. In December 2018 the yellow vests (at that time a mix of fascists, leftists, anarchists and others who had no specific label) almost stormed the Elysée. Macron was terrified. Now, Macron – in his televised  support for Biden and US democracy after this “coup” attempt – showed that he was obviously afraid of such an event happening again, maybe this time succeeding. Of course, you can’t separate actions from those doing the acting – and people are tending to take absolutist positions against taking over the Capitol because the people who did it were/are repulsive white supremacist arseholes. A pretext for taking the ridiculous “it’s against democracy!” line of course. After all, back in 2011 the Capitol of Madison, Wisconsin was taken over by angry teachers, public sector workers in general, revolutionaries, leftists  and others – and nobody with any sense objected to that (see this ).

BUT this critique incorporating a critical history of the fascist Right in the US  seems pretty excellent, given my limited knowledge from afar

“…a movement that had built itself in large part as supporters of US police against BLM and antifa began planning for armed encounters with not antifa or the Democrats, but the cops themselves. This profound ambiguity is best captured by the storming of a police line in D.C. by an insurgent waving a Thin Blue Line flag….By contrast, the mayhem in D.C. demonstrates that a considerable segment of US rightists are beginning to unambiguously embrace a system-oppositional framework. In doing so they are…working out of contradictions in their own theory and practice through struggle, toward an extra-parliamentary fascism, the same way moving beyond reformism is an essential for a leftists’ coming to political maturity, and is often achieved only through concrete engagement. …Most commentary so far has been limited to the eternal stating of the obvious that right-wing white men have a comparative easy time with the police, which functionally amounts to a plea for the proportional use of brutal state violence against everyone. And while the right-wing conspiracy theory mill is already claiming the insurgents were antifascists in disguise, the garden variety leftist analyses aren’t much better. A single video showing some cops abandoning a barricade without a fight has been circulated alongside a clip of some bemused cops inside the Capitol taking selfies with the insurgents, to support the conspiracy theory that the Capitol police let this happen on purpose…such conspiracy narratives are preferable to confronting the fact that an explicitly revolutionary rightist tendency is very likely enjoying an auspicious moment of recomposition, unafraid of meting out violence or meeting it, even to the point of death, and should therefore be respected as formidable foes, equally capable as leftists of opposing the US state, or worse yet, appearing as the only visible alternative to neoliberalism, as Trump did in the 2016 election. ….Moreover, the conspiracy narrative allows people to sidestep facing the challenge that a comparatively small, focused, and courageous group of people can do a whole lot once it lets go of its fear and preoccupations with appeasing polite society or stepping on the toes of anyone who claims to represent large groups of people. In a country where the majority of eligible citizens do not vote, rampant interpersonal violence, addiction, routine mass shootings, and suicide epidemics testify to a profound hopelessness that anything can be done to improve daily life. The nonsensical, logic-proof theories of QAnon don’t demonstrate the stupidity of their adherents as much as the desperation people feel for communal belonging, to find a theory that makes sense of the desperation and misery of their lives, and to take actions into their own hands, acting in concert. Collective actions like the siege of the Capitol, no matter how ephemeral, register in the minds of millions of people the idea that drastic measures can be taken by ordinary people. Forget how risible or horrific it may seem to professional pundits or social media celebrities who shed tears for the sanctity of the “hallowed halls” where imperialist wars and austerity programs are hatched. The sight of gatecrashers angrily storming the Senate demanding Mike Pence reveal himself, a man clad in ordinary proletarian dress with his feet up on a desk in the office of the multi-millionaire powerbroker Nancy Pelosi, and the perverse fun most of them seemed to be having doing it, furnish powerful political images that speak to the widespread disgust with US life that’s just about the only thing everyone agrees on.”

Just to note (and this is something I often forget) that in the US the historical associations with the term “leftist” are not the same for someone, and  certainly someone my age (70),  in Europe and in particular in France where I live, with its Social Democratic or Leninist, including Stalinist, connotations.  In France, leftism  has historically been both a significantly debilitating  power in the State (eg the Communist Party’s coalition with the mainstream Right, much of the time with de Gaulle, between 1944 and 1947) and in the trade unions.

For an example of a superficial  utterly unnuanced leftist/marxist take on the storming of the Capitol, see this, where a funny style and  heavy-hammering-home the message-type form distracts from its largely empty and sometimes way off-beam content. Re. this see also comments boxes below.

Senegal, Dakar: further clashes over Covid-inspired curfews in 3 different parts of town

6/1/21:

Senegal: riots against curfew and confinement in several parts of Dakar and in 5 other parts of the country

Typically, these take the form of burning tires, throwing stones at cops, cops responding with teargas, etc.

US: clashes between cops and white supremacists in 13 other towns/cities

Olympia (Washington), Austin (Texas), Sacramento & Los Angeles (California), Atlanta (Georgia), Lansing (Michigan), Topeka (Kansas ), Oklahoma city, Santa Fé (New Mexico), Denver(Colorado), Salem (Oregon), Saint-Paul (Minnesota), Columbus (Ohio).

5/1/21:

Australia, Christmas Island: riot at refugee detention centre

“…two compounds were set alight on Tuesday night, and at least two men climbed on to the roof of a compound. One of the detainees involved in the riot told the Guardian that they had sought permission to stage a peaceful protest over what they say is inhumane treatment, but were denied. Rey, a detainee who has been in detention for six years, said that many of his cohort were in lockdown for 22 hours a day, were denied access to workable wifi and struggled with mental and physical health.Video supplied to Guardian Australia shows a mattress being set alight and a man on a roof shouting “enough is enough”.

4/1/21:

Chile, Santiago: cops use water cannon and teargas against demo about 13th anniversary of cop murder of a 22-year-old Mapuche

Turkey, Istanbul: over 1000 in angry protests against state-appointed rector of university

3/1/21:

India, Jaipur: clashes between farmers and cops in protests against deregulation of agriculture as movement enters its 37th day

See entry for 29/12/20 for some background to all this

2/1/21:

Holland, La Haye: demo festival against Covid1984 restrictions

For as truly profound Good Upstanding Citizen response to the use of the term “Covid1984” see this.

1/1/21:

Germany, Berlin: various skirmishes with the state in different parts of the city

“…On sometimes almost deserted streets, cops were hunting down all young people in various proletarian neighborhoods who dared to go out on the streets despite the state of emergency, attacks on cop cars, including a convoy unit of Federal Police, in Wedding and Neukoelln, Lichterfelde… – skirmishes with the cops in Victoriapark, where people were celebrating together, in the Urbanstrasse Molotovs flew at a cop car… – and on the confrontations in Sanderstrasse, where the cops lost control for an hour. We received this report from a comrade from Berlin….

France, Maine-et-Loire: 41 cars burnt during traditional  new years’ eve festive gathering defying 8pm curfewsimilar things happening in 10 other departments (some happening on 31st Dec)

 

 

2 Responses to january 2021
  1. Anonymous says:

    Nuance? Real nuanced: “a man clad in ordinary proletarian dress with his feet up on a desk in the office of the multi-millionaire powerbroker Nancy Pelosi”

    How subtle you must be to miss the fact that the “ordinary man” is Richard Barnett, gun club leader, fund-raiser for QAnon, and an avowed white nationalist.

    Ordinary proletarian garb indeed. So nuanced that only a real dialectician would fail to apprehend the distinction between appearance and reality.

    • This is from the guy who writes Anti-Capital, the author of https://anticapital0.wordpress.com/rats/ – which I criticised above in this way: “For an example of a superficial utterly unnuanced leftist/marxist take on the storming of the Capitol, see this, where a funny style and heavy-hammering-home the message-type form distracts from its largely empty and sometimes way off-beam content.”
      He seems not to have noticed 3 things:

      1. What I quoted is a quote, not from me but from a text on the Hard Crackers site.

      2. I prefaced this quote with “this critique incorporating a critical history of the fascist Right in the US seems pretty excellent, given my limited knowledge from afar “.

      3. The fact that the guy is a “fund-raiser for QAnon, and an avowed white nationalist” doesn’t alter the fact that to the vast majority of people he seems like an “ordinary proletarian” and may in some confused way identify with him. This doesn’t mean we shouldn’t look beneath appearances at all but we have to understand how the guy appears to the vast majority who have no knowledge of the fact that he is a fund-raiser for QAnon, even though they may suspect that, given that this whole event was largely a white nationalist form of populism, that it’d be very likely that he was a white nationalist.

      But nuance is beyond the author of Anti-Capital. Though he used to write some excellent stuff about Greece, he’s not developed since then other than by refining his sneering style. The Hard Crackers article does not in any way diminish the white nationalist idiocy of the event but refuses to fall into the standard and very obvious criticisms. But nuance is considered an expression of weakness or tolerance for the intolerable by crude dogmatists. It’s not. You have to understand your enemy and why people are attracted to them in order to try to defeat them. That requires nuance.
      Edit:
      The author of Anti-Capital wrote an email to me adding to the above “That Hard Crackers would ignore the real content of what the “protest” and “protesters” are all about is the apotheosis of nuance.

      That you uncritically reproduce it, without bother even a cursory investigation, proves just how ignorant of what’s going on you truly are.

      Nobody defends police, or Pelosi. That isn’t the point. But the riot was of the same “content” as Charlottesville. Oh, wait, there’s plenty of nuance in that too, because after all, as Trump put it, there are plenty of good people on both sides.

      I know it’s not nuanced, but your stuff is enough to gag a maggot.”

      As if anybody was saying those involved in this “coup” were “good people”: this is purely and simply an amalgam technique worthy of classic Leninist and Stalinist manipulation.. As if the Hard Crackers article did ignore the “content of what the “protest” and “protesters” are all about “, when it’s clear that it didn’t ignore this. It’s just the fact that it didn’t bang on about the obvious obnoxiousness of the protesters’ white supremacy or other blatant banalities, things repeated endlessly in the mainstream media and so hardly worth repeating, somehow seems to this guy as if the Hard Crackers’ author (and me for quoting it) is not outraged enough. Apparently if you don’t constantly express yourself with a very standard indignation expressed through horror shock explosive emotions you are somehow not only ignoring what those involved in such semi-fascist events are on about, but are far too detached. Sometimes it’s necessary to not be detached but not always by any means. If you want to grasp things and communicate a critique, to influence and be influenced, you have to approach events from different angles rather than invariably respond to them in the same old heavy manner. And this is something this guy is too rigid to understand, want or do something about. Too trapped within the character he’s playing.“In all societies in which modern conditions of production prevail the impossibility of living takes individually the form of death, madness or character. With the intrepid Dr. Reich, and against his horrified recuperators and vilifiers, we postulate the pathological nature of all character traits, i.e. of all chronicity in human behavior.”Reich: How to Use.

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